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Pregnancy

Tips When Choosing the Best Birth Control Option

The pill revolutionized a woman’s control over her health when it came into the scene over 60 years ago. However, there are several birth control options, including rings, patches, and implantable devices, making it easier to find contraception that works for you. For birth control in McDonough, you can seek the intervention of specialists at Ideal Gynecology, LLC, who will recommend the best option for you after assessment. Here are the tips when choosing the best birth control that works for you.

Will It be Effective in Preventing Pregnancy?

The main goal of any contraceptive method is to prevent pregnancy. Therefore, when choosing the right contraception, it should be highly effective in preventing pregnancy. A contraceptive is measured by its failure rate, which estimates the number of women who fall pregnant per year even after using it regularly. Sterilization is the most effective, with a failure rate of less than 1%. However, barrier methods such as rings, condoms, and patches have a failure rate of up to 30%.

When Do You Want Children?

Are you thinking about starting a family soon? If the answer is yes, then you can consider short-term contraception such as IUD and implant. However, you will need to visit your doctor to have them removed.

Vasectomy and tubal ligation are permanent. However, with modern medicine, they can be reversed through an intervention, though there is no guarantee of success. Condoms and natural family methods do not require any planning, and you can have a child anytime.

How Often Do You Need the Contraception Method?

Implant, IUD, and sterilization are long-term, almost completely error-free. Once the IUD is inserted, you can stay with it anywhere from three to seven years for a hormonal IUD. On the other hand, copper IUD may last up to 10 years, and the implant lasts three years. Sterilization, meanwhile, lasts for a lifetime.

Other types of contravention require regular use. For example, you must take the pill daily and swap or remove the rings at least once a month. As for the injections, you can have them after every three months. However, it would help if you got the injection at a medical facility. Barrier methods like condoms require application every time you have sex.

Ease of Application

It is worth noting that all hormonal birth control methods such as patch, pill, and ring, as well as the diaphragm, require a prescription from your doctor. Likewise, you will need an appointment to have an injection.

Protection Against STIs

Only two forms of birth control have been shown to protect against STIs. These are male and female condoms. But condoms are not entirely reliable, especially if you do not use them correctly and consistently. Other forms of contraception will not protect you against STIs.

Can They Relieve the Symptoms of the Period?

Nearly all hormonal birth control methods improve period symptoms slightly. You may experience shorter and less painful periods as the hormones come out of the endometrium lining, which means less shedding every month.

Birth control methods are effective in preventing pregnancy only when used properly. Contact the specialists at Ideal Gynecology, LLC, who will recommend the best option after a comprehensive assessment.

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Healthcare Tips

The Truth About Atrial Fibrillation

Atrial fibrillation or Afib is a medical condition that leads to blood clots in the heart and causes a rapid heartbeat. If neglected this condition can lead to serious heart-related issues or stroke. Here in this guide, we are going to talk about Upper East Side Atrial Fibrillation to help you gain more knowledge on the same.

What Is Atrial Fibrillation?

The frequent abnormal heart pulse that begins in the atria is atrial fibrillation. Rather than the SA node controlling the electrical rhythm, numerous distinct impulses fire at the same time in the atria, resulting in a highly fast, chaotic beat. Due to this, the atria cannot function properly. 

In atrial fibrillation, the upper chamber of the heart beats very fast and irregularly. It has been discovered that many times there are no symptoms of atrial fibrillation in individuals. This medical condition is not life-threatening but if overlooked can lead to serious health issues.

Causes of Atrial Fibrillation

There are various causes of atrial fibrillation, some of them are:

  • Prior heart surgery
  • High blood pressure
  • Heart attack
  • Sleep apnea
  • Viral infections
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Physical stress

These conditions can lead to atrial fibrillation, however, it can happen in people with no period-related heart conditions.

Symptoms of Atrial Fibrillation

The common symptoms of atrial fibrillations are:

  • Weakness
  • Fatigue
  • Chest pain
  • Lightheadedness
  • Shortness of breath

Many times this medical condition occurs in episodes but doesn’t stay for long; if it stays for a while and the heartbeat doesn’t go back to normal on its own then you might have persistent atrial fibrillation. In permanent atrial fibrillation, medication is required to restore the normal heartbeat.

Treatment for Atrial Fibrillation

There are various specialists that can provide the proper care for atrial fibrillation in the upper east side. If you notice any kind of symptoms then it is best to reach out to a specialist. The health practitioner might do some diagnostic tests to verify the condition. Electrocardiograms, portable event monitors, transtelephonic monitors, etc. are used by specialists to diagnose the condition. 

The main purpose or aim of the health practitioner is to restore the normal heartbeat and prevent other serious heart conditions. The doctor might suggest some lifestyle changes and healthy habits to prevent the condition. In the early stages, doctors only suggest medications, however, if medications don’t seem to work then he might suggest surgical procedures.

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Pregnancy

C-Section or Vaginal Delivery – Which Is Right For You?

Babies are born in one of the 2 ways available:- a vaginal birth or natural birth, and a surgical procedure known as a C-section. 

Mothers without any complications can choose any option under the guidance of their doctor, but some mothers who have a small pelvis or have twins have to opt for C-section. 

Females who want to know information about which method is suitable may look for the best obstetrics & gynaecology in Woodside.  This is because a doctor will guide you on which method is suitable depending on various factors. Irrespective of your choice, taking a doctor’s advice is essential. 

Procedure: C-section vs. vaginal birth

During a natural birth, the mother experiences labour, the cervix dilates to let the baby’s head come out. The uterus contracts to push the baby towards the vaginal opening. Natural deliveries are pretty painful, and the contraction of the uterus feels like a very strong menstrual cramp. However, some women opt for painkillers. Babies born in this method are exposed to microbes in the birth canal and have a boosted immune system. 

On the other hand, C-section is a surgical procedure. It lasts for 45 minutes. A slit is made in the abdomen and uterus, and the baby is delivered. Later the umbilical cord is cut, and the placenta is removed, followed by the closing of the incision. This procedure is not painful as the mother is under the effect of anaesthesia or a spinal blocker. 

Recovery:- C-section vs. vaginal birth 

Recovery time for a Vaginal birth varies from woman to woman, but usually, women stay in hospital for 1-2 for postoperative care. Women, after delivering a baby naturally, may have menorrhoea, swelling, or cramps. 

Recovery time in case of a C-section is longer than natural birth. Women are allowed to leave the hospital 3-4 days after the doctor removes their stitches.

Complications:- C-section vs vaginal birth 

In a vaginal birth, women may experience a perineal tear. Perineal space is the area separating the vagina from the anus. The tear of this area usually heals in 4-6 weeks.

Sometimes a cut is made to enlarge the opening and is later stitched, which is often painful. 

Similarly, C-section may have several complications and could risk the life of the mother or the baby. 

These complications include:

  1. infections
  2. Bleeding or haemorrhage 
  3. Allergic reaction to anaesthesia 
  4. Blood clots

Women who have had C-section previously may have chances of uterine rupture. This can cause fatal bleeding.

Subsequent C-sections also commonly show implantation of the placenta in the uterine muscle beside the uterine lining and is known as placenta accreta. Another common complication of subsequent C-sections is placenta previa, in which the placenta partially or entirely covers the cervix. 

The final aim of both methods is to make sure that the baby born is healthy and the mother is safe with no post-pregnancy complications. Also, depending on your health and other factors, your doctor will guide you on which method is right for you.

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Healthcare Tips

Significant Causes And Treatment Of Infertility

Infertility is the inability to conceive a child after at least one year of unprotected intercourse. Infertility can affect you mentally. Understanding the causes of your infertility and receiving the proper treatment can be highly beneficial. Richard Strathmann OBGYN is a specialist on whom you can rely for treating infertility.

What are the major causes? 

Unfortunately, there is no single cause that fits all cases. Several causes of infertility are:

  1. Age: The most common cause of infertility in women is age. As a woman passes the age of 30, she begins to lose her ability to conceive a child. It has been reported that after the age of 35, a female loses 20% chances to conceive. 
  1. Cervical Mucus Patterns: Cervical mucus patterns can also affect fertility rates. In general, if there is no mucus present after ovulation, conception cannot occur during the period indicated by the cervical mucus, and pregnancy cannot occur unless other factors intervene.
  1. Obesity: having excess weight can negatively affect the ability to have a baby. 
  1. Environmental Factors: Environmental factors such as drug abuse, environmental toxins, and radiation can also affect fertility rates. In addition, factors such as diet, stress level, and habits can affect achieving pregnancy.
  1. Physical Traumatic Events: Traumatic events such as a fall or a direct blow to the abdomen can affect the reproductive system and negatively impact fertility rates.
  1. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: Another condition that affects a woman’s ability to conceive is pelvic inflammatory disease(PID). 
  1. Medical condition: diabetes or sexually transmitted diseases can decrease the chances to conceive. STDs can lead to permanent damages to the uterus and lead to permanent infertility. 

Are there any infertility treatments? 

Some treatments can increase fertility rates in some cases. Such as:

  1. Intrauterine insemination (IUI): In this method, semen (fluid containing sperm and nutrients required for the sperm) is collected from a male and injected into the uterus or the female’s fallopian tube. Here the sperm can fertilize the egg.
  1. Fertility drugs: The use of fertility drugs may increase fertility rates if they are taken at the right time and are used at appropriate doses according to what is stated on the packaging. 
  1. Ovulation induction drugs: These drugs induce ovulation and increase the chances of fertilization. 
  1. Fertility reversal medications are used for this purpose and will cause the regression of specific conditions that may prevent or delay fertility rates. 
  1. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT)

If you face infertility or wonder why you have not become pregnant after a year of unprotected intercourse, ask your doctor for tests to determine if there is a problem causing your fertility.

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Healthcare Tips

Top 6 Benefits of Family Medicine Doctor in South Charleston

When you are dealing with minor health issues like cold, flu, or an unexpected pain in your joints and you call an ER, there are possibilities that you have to wait in a long queue. To save your time and to provide proper treatment for you and your family, it is essential to have a family doctor by your side.

The city of South Charleston has a humid climate almost throughout the year. With a climate like this, you might face problems like hype in allergies and sleeping issues.

However, to take adequate care of you and your family, Dr. Leela Patel in South Charleston is an MD who will provide you with proper treatment whenever you need it. Additionally, they also specialize in gynecology and are board-certified family medicine practitioners.

There are various benefits of having a family doctor, the top 6 of which are as follows-

They manage trivial issues efficiently:

When you feel like you will catch the common flu, your family doctor will help you provide proper medicine by a quick checkup and giving antibacterial medicines. They also help with stress and anxiety management and provide nutritional counseling whenever necessary.

They know your family history:

With time, the family doctor will understand your family history accurately to monitor your health problems. Later on, they know about your personal lives and can easily predict the reasons behind your concerns and give you the appropriate treatment.

They diagnose early symptoms:

A family doctor will follow your life cycle and take notes as soon as he gets a symptom or finds out that anything is misleading in your body. He will immediately take the next step and give you preventive measures according to it.

They will find you the right specialist on time: 

When you have severe heart disease or diabetes, your family doctor will find you the right specialist that will meet your needs and someone who will fit your budget and individuality. He will consult the right specialist to discuss your issues within themselves and take corrective actions together.

They save you money:

If you have a minor symptom and go to an ideal hospital, you will have to pay more bills than pay a family doctor. Your family doctor will know about your issues that are repeated, such as allergies or sinus issues. On the other hand, a new doctor will have no clue and give you extra medicines that may not be useful and charge you more money. 

They regulate lifelong illness:

If you or anyone in your family has a chronic illness like cancer, diabetes, or heart disease, they are appropriately handled by a family doctor. They provide you with appropriate supervision even when you are going through a critical stage in your life and make sure that you do all your tests on time, determine the next steps in your treatment, and do a proper assessment of the same.

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Healthcare Tips

How To Prevent Hearing Loss In Your Children


Guide created by e3 Diagnostics

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Healthcare Tips

Types of Arthritis Conditions

Arthritis is a commonly occurring joint disease that causes pain, discomfort, swelling, stiffness, and mobility issues. Everyone, from children to senior adults, is affected by arthritis. Adults report most cases of arthritis. 

There are surgical as well as conservative methods for treating arthritis. Your doctor will suggest a type of treatment based on the severity of the condition. Germantown arthritis specialists help you with diagnosis, treatment, and recovery plans for treating arthritis symptoms.

More than 100 types come under arthritis. You should recognize which arthritis problem you have and get treatment. Some common types of arthritis are:

  1. Osteoarthritis This is the most common type of arthritis. Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease caused by wear and tear of joints, primarily due to old age or any trauma. In this condition, the cartilage present between the joints gets damaged. This loss causes the joints to rub against each other and cause pain, stiffness, and swelling. 
  2. Rheumatoid arthritis This is a type of autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks various joints and causes pain. There is the formation of inflamed and firm rheumatoid nodules under the skin and joints. Pain caused by rheumatoid arthritis can be severe and arise gradually or suddenly. 
  3. Juvenile arthritis This type of arthritis, also called juvenile idiopathic arthritis or juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, is common among children, mainly under the age of 16. The symptoms include chronic aching joints, swelling, tightening of muscles, rashes, and fever. These symptoms can last for months and years. 
  4. Gout This is a complex type of arthritis that can occur in any joint but commonly affects the big toe. Gout is caused when uric acid accumulates in the joints. The symptoms experienced can be sudden pain arising anytime, accompanied by swelling of the big toe, extreme tenderness, prolonged discomfort. 
  5. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)– Is a severe autoimmune disease affecting various joints and organs. Symptoms of lupus include pain, swelling in joints, fatigue, headaches, rashes like butterfly rash occurring on cheeks, mouth sores, hair loss, exposure to cold may cause the presence of blue or white fingers and toes, chest pain when the lining of the heart or lung gets inflamed and sometimes blood disorders. 
  6. Psoriatic arthritis People with psoriasis have a high chance of developing psoriasis arthritis. Psoriasis causes skin patches, redness, and silvery scales. Psoriatic arthritis symptoms include swollen and reddened fingers or toes, lower back pain, foot pain, eye inflammation, and stiffness in joints. 
  7. Ankylosing spondylitisMen are more affected by Ankylosing spondylitis than women. It is an autoimmune disease that affects ligaments and tendons attached to the bone and causes pain and stiffness. There is an occurrence of bone fusion in the spine resulting in deformation and shoulder and hip dysfunction. 
  8. Infectious arthritis and reactive arthritis Infection in the joints causes infectious arthritis. This infection in one joint can trigger inflammation and immune dysfunction in other regions. This condition is called reactive arthritis.
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Dental Surgery

How Can Cosmetic Dentists Help You in Improving Your Smile?

If you are insecure about your smile, you tend to smile less and feel nervous around people. If this is your case, a cosmetic dentist is all you need. There are numerous procedures for cosmetic dentistry in Summit that help improve your dental health and provide you with treatments to enhance your smile structure. 

However, before you pick the best cosmetic dentist, let us look at how they can help. 

What do cosmetic dentists do?

  • A cosmetic dentist treats all types of dental implants and fills gaps of missing teeth.
  • He examines missing details of your face and helps you guide with what treatments you must consider.
  • He does minor fixations like cavity filling, teeth cleaning, and major surgeries like implants and fixing dentures.

What treatments does a cosmetic dentist perform to improve your smile?

Fixing veneers

If you have gaps in between your teeth or any of your teeth have been broken due to an accident or injury, in such a case, your dentist will help fill the cracks by using a bonding solution of the same color as your teeth. This is done in just one appointment and lasts for several years.

Teeth whitening 

Often with time, your teeth lose their natural color, especially with your change in eating habits. A cosmetic dentist uses bleach in a chemical solution that brightens the color of your teeth.

Shaping enamel

If you face the problem of overlapping or misalignment of teeth and you do not wish to undergo braces treatment, your cosmetic dentist will help you shape the enamel on your teeth. In this treatment, your dentist will adequately shape your tooth so that they align with the rest of your teeth. This procedure shows results in 1-2 appointments.

Tooth implant

If you are missing a tooth (or various teeth) and are looking for a permanent solution, you can undergo implant surgery. In this method, your dentist will surgically screw an implant made out of titanium inside your jawbone. For this, you need to have a high bone density, and your dentist will take an x-ray to see if you are eligible for this procedure.

Crowns or bridges

If you have decay in your tooth, your cosmetic dentist will help you fix crowns and bridges on your tooth. These are also called “caps,” as they cover your decayed tooth. The caps are made from resin, acrylic, or porcelain. They do not come off when you eat or drink anything. The dentist will mold the tooth before fixing the caps. Crowns or bridges last up to 15 years.

You must consult a trusted and experienced cosmetic dentist who has the proper knowledge to carry any of your treatments safely.

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Healthcare Tips

Shortness of Breath – A Go-To Guide!

Shortness of breath, or clinically called dyspnea, can be defined as difficulty or restriction in breathing and feeling breathlessness. A healthy person may have shortness of breath after performing strenuous activities like exercise or lifting, going to higher altitudes, and experiencing extreme temperatures. However, sudden or severe shortness of breath is a matter of concern and needs to be seen by a doctor as it can be related to various health problems. 

Shortness of breath is also a significant symptom of COVID-19 caused by a coronavirus. COVID-19 can worsen the issue of shortness of breath as there may be a decrease in the oxygen level, and the lung may get filled up with fluid or cell debris of the infected person. One should not take any chances and should get tested for COVID-19. GatherWell provides the testing for shortness of breath in Otsego and can help you get tested on the same day and provide you with results in just 15 minutes. 

Significant symptoms associated with shortness of breath:

  1. Air hunger.
  2. Tightening of the chest or experiencing chest pain.
  3. Sudden feeling of wheezing.
  4. Sometimes, the patient may experience chest pain while breathing when they lie flat. 
  5. Having pus of blood in the sputum.
  6. Occurance of swelling, especially in feet and ankles. 
  7. Decrease in oxygen level of the body when measured. 
  8. Pulse rate getting extraordinarily high or low. 

You need to get checked by your doctor if the above symptoms arise.

Causes of shortness of breath: 

  1. Infection of lungs like pneumonia.  
  2. Severe allergic reactions to some things( anaphylaxis).
  3. Lung diseases like asthma.
  4. Poisoning caused by carbon monoxide.
  5. COPD – chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. 
  6. Sudden feeling of anxiousness, physiological issues such as anxiety, and panic attacks.
  7. COVID-19 caused by coronavirus. 
  8. Heart failure, heart attack, change in heart rhythms called arrhythmia. 
  9. Lung injuries like pulmonary fibrosis. 
  10. Hypoxia – decreases in the oxygen level of the body. 
  11. Collapsed lungs, pulmonary embolism, lung cancer, tuberculosis, and other lung problems. 
  12. Obstruction of airways which can cause difficulty in breathing. 
  13. Severe blood loss can cause loss of oxygen hence breathing difficulties.
  14. Shortness of breath may also result from obesity in some individuals.
  15. Various heart issues like pericarditis and cardiomyopathy. 
  16. Trauma or injury to the chest. 

Things to do and avoid shortening of breath:

  1. Regular exercises to increase your blood flow. 
  2. Quit smoking.
  3. Stay away from pollutants and products that cause allergic reactions.
  4. Follow up a regular check-up with your doctor. 
  5. Lung and heart conditions require following proper medication. 
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Healthcare Tips

Clinical Trial: Phases Explained

Clinical trials provide safe and effective testing of new methods and inventions of treatment, medication, and diagnosis for the use of the public. These methods and medications undergo clinical trials and are approved and licensed by the FDA for safe use. A drug may usually undergo a clinical trial to know whether it is safe to consume. Medical devices and new combinations of medication also undergo clinical trials. 

Various clinical trial centers, including clinical trials in Flemington, perform clinical trials and research studies for different cancer treatments where people can apply and receive therapies based on requirements. 

Pre-clinical research is sometimes followed before the actual clinical trial. This is performed using human cell cultures. If successful, then the actual clinical trial is performed on the human population. 

Overall, there are 5 phases of clinical trials, including an initial phase 0 and a phase 4 at the end. The various phases of clinical trials are described below:

Phase 0 –  This phase involves only a small number of people i.e. around 10-20 people tested for a minimal dose of medication. It is done to determine if the drug is safe for humans. If there are any side effects, the drug is not approved for the next phase. You probably have to give a few scans and blood samples to the researcher.

Phase 1 –  This phase involves around 20-50 healthy people. This phase is helpful to determine the distribution of the drug in the human body. This phase also seriously monitors any harmful or fatal adverse effects of the given drug. It also tells us about the ideal amount of drug required for safe treatment and how it can be administered. Approximately 70% of drugs, according to the FDA, are approved for phase 2.

Phase 2 involves around 100 volunteers who are patients of the disease for which the drug is being tested. These volunteers are tested in groups and monitored for several months or years. Phase 2 helps us to know how well and effective the treatment is against the disease. 

Phase 3 – this phase involves hundreds and thousands of volunteers. The new drug treatment is compared against the existing treatment available, also known as the standard treatment. Phase 3 aims to know which treatment is better and how the new treatment affects the quality of life.  

Phase 4 -This is the last phase of clinical trials, which happens only after the FDA has approved the treatment. It involves thousands of volunteers. Phase 4 continues for many years. This phase helps us to know about its prolonged use and benefit to the public.