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Shortness of Breath – A Go-To Guide!

Shortness of breath, or clinically called dyspnea, can be defined as difficulty or restriction in breathing and feeling breathlessness. A healthy person may have shortness of breath after performing strenuous activities like exercise or lifting, going to higher altitudes, and experiencing extreme temperatures. However, sudden or severe shortness of breath is a matter of concern and needs to be seen by a doctor as it can be related to various health problems. 

Shortness of breath is also a significant symptom of COVID-19 caused by a coronavirus. COVID-19 can worsen the issue of shortness of breath as there may be a decrease in the oxygen level, and the lung may get filled up with fluid or cell debris of the infected person. One should not take any chances and should get tested for COVID-19. GatherWell provides the testing for shortness of breath in Otsego and can help you get tested on the same day and provide you with results in just 15 minutes. 

Significant symptoms associated with shortness of breath:

  1. Air hunger.
  2. Tightening of the chest or experiencing chest pain.
  3. Sudden feeling of wheezing.
  4. Sometimes, the patient may experience chest pain while breathing when they lie flat. 
  5. Having pus of blood in the sputum.
  6. Occurance of swelling, especially in feet and ankles. 
  7. Decrease in oxygen level of the body when measured. 
  8. Pulse rate getting extraordinarily high or low. 

You need to get checked by your doctor if the above symptoms arise.

Causes of shortness of breath: 

  1. Infection of lungs like pneumonia.  
  2. Severe allergic reactions to some things( anaphylaxis).
  3. Lung diseases like asthma.
  4. Poisoning caused by carbon monoxide.
  5. COPD – chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. 
  6. Sudden feeling of anxiousness, physiological issues such as anxiety, and panic attacks.
  7. COVID-19 caused by coronavirus. 
  8. Heart failure, heart attack, change in heart rhythms called arrhythmia. 
  9. Lung injuries like pulmonary fibrosis. 
  10. Hypoxia – decreases in the oxygen level of the body. 
  11. Collapsed lungs, pulmonary embolism, lung cancer, tuberculosis, and other lung problems. 
  12. Obstruction of airways which can cause difficulty in breathing. 
  13. Severe blood loss can cause loss of oxygen hence breathing difficulties.
  14. Shortness of breath may also result from obesity in some individuals.
  15. Various heart issues like pericarditis and cardiomyopathy. 
  16. Trauma or injury to the chest. 

Things to do and avoid shortening of breath:

  1. Regular exercises to increase your blood flow. 
  2. Quit smoking.
  3. Stay away from pollutants and products that cause allergic reactions.
  4. Follow up a regular check-up with your doctor. 
  5. Lung and heart conditions require following proper medication. 
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Clinical Trial: Phases Explained

Clinical trials provide safe and effective testing of new methods and inventions of treatment, medication, and diagnosis for the use of the public. These methods and medications undergo clinical trials and are approved and licensed by the FDA for safe use. A drug may usually undergo a clinical trial to know whether it is safe to consume. Medical devices and new combinations of medication also undergo clinical trials. 

Various clinical trial centers, including clinical trials in Flemington, perform clinical trials and research studies for different cancer treatments where people can apply and receive therapies based on requirements. 

Pre-clinical research is sometimes followed before the actual clinical trial. This is performed using human cell cultures. If successful, then the actual clinical trial is performed on the human population. 

Overall, there are 5 phases of clinical trials, including an initial phase 0 and a phase 4 at the end. The various phases of clinical trials are described below:

Phase 0 –  This phase involves only a small number of people i.e. around 10-20 people tested for a minimal dose of medication. It is done to determine if the drug is safe for humans. If there are any side effects, the drug is not approved for the next phase. You probably have to give a few scans and blood samples to the researcher.

Phase 1 –  This phase involves around 20-50 healthy people. This phase is helpful to determine the distribution of the drug in the human body. This phase also seriously monitors any harmful or fatal adverse effects of the given drug. It also tells us about the ideal amount of drug required for safe treatment and how it can be administered. Approximately 70% of drugs, according to the FDA, are approved for phase 2.

Phase 2 involves around 100 volunteers who are patients of the disease for which the drug is being tested. These volunteers are tested in groups and monitored for several months or years. Phase 2 helps us to know how well and effective the treatment is against the disease. 

Phase 3 – this phase involves hundreds and thousands of volunteers. The new drug treatment is compared against the existing treatment available, also known as the standard treatment. Phase 3 aims to know which treatment is better and how the new treatment affects the quality of life.  

Phase 4 -This is the last phase of clinical trials, which happens only after the FDA has approved the treatment. It involves thousands of volunteers. Phase 4 continues for many years. This phase helps us to know about its prolonged use and benefit to the public.

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Brain & Body: Mental Health Benefits of Exercise

This infographic was created by Reclaim Fitness, a fitness facility with fitness trainers
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Types of Stress And Ways To Relieve Them

According to statistical data, 33 percent of people feel stress, 77 percent experience stress that affects them physically, 73 percent of people affect their mental health, and 48 percent have trouble sleeping due to stress.

In this article, we will describe all types of stress and how you can reduce them. Nobody wants stress to live a productive life.

What Is Stress?

A circumstance that causes stress causes a particular biological reaction. Chemicals and hormones flood your body when you sense a threat or difficulty.

Stress activates your fight-or-flight response, which tells you whether you should fight or flee from the stressor. Your body should usually relax after the reaction has occurred. Constant stress might have a detrimental impact on your health in the long run.

What Are The Different Types of Stress?

Most people may not be aware that there are different types of stress. And with that, they may have addressed their stress in different ways, resulting in different and slower reactions to relief. Here are some insights about what types of stress people have.

Acute Stress

Acute stress is the sort of stress that knocks you off your feet for a short time.

It is the kind of stress that hits you suddenly and unexpectedly, lasts a short time, but needs a reaction and shakes you up a little, like a disagreement with a loved one or an exam for which you don’t feel sufficiently prepared.

Acute stress triggers your body’s stress response, but you may counteract it with short relaxation techniques and return to your day feeling less worried. These stress medications can help you relax and recover from acute stress more rapidly.

Chronic Stress

Chronic stress is a form of stress that occurs regularly. If not properly managed, this sort of stress can leave you feeling depleted and even lead to burnout.

It’s because the body might stay indefinitely activated if the stress response is arousing persistently and the body is not brought back to a relaxed state before the next wave of stress strikes.

This type of stress can often require a combination approach with some short-term stress relievers (like those for acute stress) and some long-term stress relief habits that relieve overall stress.

Emotional Stress

Emotional stress may be far more painful than other forms of stress.

For example, stress from a tense relationship causes a massive bodily reaction and a greater sensation of anguish than stress from a hectic job schedule.

As a result, being able to effectively handle emotional stress is critical. Different techniques can work in different scenarios when it comes to helping you process, diffuse, and build resilience in the face of emotional stress.

Burnout Stress

Long-term chronic stress is the cause of burnout from conditions that make individuals feel powerless in their life.

Certain employment conditions, including not just a high level of demands but also imprecise expectations, a lack of acknowledgment for accomplishments, and a significant danger of severe repercussions when making mistakes, can increase the risk of burnout.

Once you reach a state of burnout, it’s hard to maintain motivation to work and complete what you need to accomplish, and you can feel chronically overwhelmed.

Solve Your Problem In Stress

Stress is related to your parasympathetic nervous system that can affect your flight or fight response.  Learn how to stimulate the vagus nerve to lower heart rate to reduce stress, anxiety, and depression. Learn the magic and a good to be true impact of a vagus nerve stimulation device.

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Understanding PTSD for Veterans

This infographic was created by Veteran Car Donations, donate a yacht to charity

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Preparing for quarantine to prevent the spread of COVID-19

The numbers of COVID-19 infections have been staggering in the last couple of months. Various countries have taken control measures to minimize the spread of the virus, including quarantine. You can do things to soften the effect of the pandemic, especially when you have to quarantine and manage the impact of the quarantine on yourself and those you care about.

Cathay Pacific helps you to know how to plan for quarantine and generally prepare for a pandemic. This includes your psychological preparedness, paying attention to your local news, strategies, stocking up your medication and pantries, to mention a few. Prior preparation will help you manage psychological stress, lack of essential commodities, and information concerning the disease.

Stocking your pantry

During natural disasters such as floods, appliances such as fridges may not work. The case is different for COVID-19 because your refrigerator will work normally. However, keeping nonperishable food is essential. It is recommended that you purchase food and water that would last for at least two weeks. Stocking food and water is vital should you find yourself stuck in the house, though you may run out of available food at some point.

Buying nonperishable food is essential because the food will not go bad quickly when not used during the quarantine period. It would be a good idea to stock healthy and multipurpose foods, for example, beans, soup, whole grain pasta, oatmeal, nuts, olive oil, root vegetables, dried fruits, vegetables and frozen fruits. Remember to purchase as much as you can for your food security.

Practice flu prevention while in quarantine

 While surgical masks could be readily available everywhere, they would not be necessary while you are indoors. Healthy individuals may find face masks to be annoying than being helpful. Although, if you are using the face mask for protection purposes, it would be a great idea to wear it every time. You may nonetheless keep in mind that you may become more relaxed in the observation of flu precautions.

There are other more effective strategies that you can use to protect yourself when you are not feeling well. They include staying at home, avoiding other sick people, using alcohol-based sanitizer and washing your hands more often. A sixty per cent alcohol-based sanitizer would help clean the commonly touched objects, surfaces and hands before and after visiting the washroom.

Medications

It is advisable also to pay attention to your medications. Medications such as decongestants, pain relievers and fever reducers are considered to relieve mild symptoms of flu. You may run out of medicines while quarantined. Instead of waiting for the last-minute rush, filling your prescriptions and keeping them replenished whenever used up is a great idea.

Most importantly, it is advisable to keep a one to three months stock of essential medication that might be difficult to get in case of reduced supply. Suppose you have an underlying condition such as heart or lung disease or diabetes. In that case, you should be very vigilant to ensure you have good protection. 

Keep yourself updated with local news

You should access credible information when you are quarantined because it helps you stay up to date with what is happening in your community. Suppose the disease strikes, be sure to stay calm and avoid panicking. Instead, listen and follow the guidelines that the public health and local government issues.

New information about the pandemic comes up every day because it is developing each day. You should therefore prepare and respond appropriately. Your response will help to differentiate your community from others in the future.

Meanwhile, ensure you have an emergency and contact list that you could use when necessary. Otherwise, get ready and practise good health and hygiene as you work on proper preparedness to prevent or minimize the spread of the pandemic to people you care about.

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The Different Types of Interventional Radiology Procedures

Technological advancement in the medical field has given rise to improved treatment methods, including interventional radiology. Compared to traditional or open surgery, interventional radiology procedures are less invasive and require shorter recovery periods. Interventional radiology offers diagnosis and treatment for different medical conditions, including uterine fibroids and cancer. If you live with any of these medical conditions, visit your Mesa, AZ, interventional radiologist for diagnosis and treatment.

Examples of interventional radiology procedures include:

Uterine Embolization

This is a non-invasive procedure used in the treatment of fibroids. Fibroids are abnormal growths that occur in the uterine walls. If you have fibroids, you may experience symptoms such as heavy menstrual bleeding and pelvic pain. Extensive growths may cause bulging and result in swelling of the abdomen. During the process, your specialist may first administer anesthesia to reduce pain and make you relax. Your doctor then makes a small incision and inserts a catheter into one of your arteries. A contrast fluid is then injected to highlight the fibroids in your uterus.

Needle Biopsies

Needle biopsy is a procedure your doctor may recommend to obtain cell samples from different parts of your body for laboratory testing. During the process, your specialist may administer a local anesthetic to numb the skin area to be injected. Your specialist will then guide a fine or core needle through your skin to a specific area to obtain cells.

Radiofrequency Ablation

This procedure involves using radio waves to reduce pain in different body parts, including your hip joints, back, neck, and knees. Before the process, you may need to stop using various aspirin since it causes blood thinning. During treatment, your doctor may use a fluoroscope to act as a guide and ensure accuracy. You may experience discomfort in the form of pressure as your specialist inserts the needle. Pain relief may last for several months up to two years.

Chemoembolization

Your specialist may recommend this treatment method if you have cancer of the liver. During treatment, your doctor will place a catheter in the artery that supplies blood to the liver. Your doctor will then deliver chemotherapeutic drugs through the catheter. This causes blockage in the blood vessels that supply blood to the tumor. As a result, the growth becomes deprived of oxygen and dies. Complications such as infections and abscesses after treatment are rare.

Advantages of Interventional Radiology:

  •         Processes involved are minimally invasive compared to traditional surgery.
  •         There is little blood loss; therefore, you are at no risk of having low hemoglobin levels.
  •         You will experience less pain since the incisions made are minor. No staples are used, and stitching is not necessary.
  •         The chances of developing complications are low.
  •         Interventional radiology procedures require a short recovery time.
  •         The treatment methods are more effective because your specialist uses imaging technology to guide during the procedure for accuracy.
  •         It is less expensive since it is performed on an outpatient basis.

Interventional procedures are safer options that your specialist may recommend in place for surgery. Reserve a session with your doctor at Southwest Cardiovascular Associates for a consultation to learn more about interventional radiology procedures.

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What Are the Most Common Sports Injuries?

Sports injuries are the injuries that arise from sports and fitness activities like exercising, soccer, and swimming. they vary from knee and shoulder pain to fractures and ankle sprains. Sports injuries may occur thanks to various reasons like accidents, falls, inadequate training, repetitive use of a selected part , and improper equipment.

It is usually advisable to possess your injury checked to reinforce your healing and recovery. Suppose you’ve got sports injuries in Lawrenceville and aren’t sure of where to travel for help. Performance Pain and medicine has all the assistance you’ll need. Contact their office today if you need for more details.

Sports injuries are injuries that occur during a workout or sports activity. they typically involve the system.

What Are the various sorts of Sports Injuries?

· Muscle sprains and strains
· Dislocated joints
· Ligaments tears
· Tendons tears
· Fractured bones

What Are the foremost Common Sports Injuries?

Some of the foremost common sports injuries include:

Knee pain

The knee is among the foremost common injured body parts thanks to its compound structure and weight-bearing capacity. Knee injuries differ consistent with their severity. Some less severe knee issues include:

  • Tendinitis
    · Runner’s knee
    · Iliotibial band syndrome

Severe knee injuries involve bone bruises, cartilage, and ligament damages.

Knee pain can occur thanks to causes like meniscus tear, injured cartilage, or a knee twist. Severe knee injuries may cause arthritis.

Sprains and strains

Sprains and strains are the foremost accessible sports injuries many of us encounter during their daily physical activities. A sprain may be a ligament tear, likely to occur after a fall or blow, causing the joint to maneuver out of its position. They mostly happen to ankles, knees, and wrists.

A strain involves a twist or tear of the muscle or tendon. Typically, it results from overstretching.

Shoulder pain

The most common sports injury that causes shoulder pain is structure tears. it’s familiar to athletes, especially baseball and softball players. Dislocations also are another common shoulder injury which will cause instability.

Foot and ankle pain

The primary ankle and foot pain include Achilles tendinitis, ankle sprains, and stress fractures. they’re common in runners, dancers, and footballers.

What the Signs and Symptoms of a Sports Injury?

Your symptoms will vary counting on the sort of sports injury experienced. The symptoms may appear immediately or gradually, including pain, swelling, and limited mobility.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Sports Injuries?

During your consultation at Performance Pain & medicine , your doctor takes adequate time to know your issue. The diagnosis involves conducting a physical exam and reviewing your medical record . Your provider also takes tests to verify your diagnosis, like the X-ray and ultrasound.

They usually create a customized treatment decide to address your health concerns, which can include:

  • physiotherapy .
    · Joint injections.
    · Pain-killers.
    · Regenerative medicine.
    · Acupuncture, massage.
    · Rest, ice compression, and elevation.
    · Immobilization during a cast or brace.
    · Prolotherapy.
    · Tenex.

Talk to a Sports Injury Specialist Today

A sports injury shouldn’t keep you faraway from your favorite sport or your daily activities. Contact the Performance Pain & medicine today for quality sports injuries treatment.

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5 Reasons Why Every Woman Should Consider a Health Checkup

Every woman, no matter their age, should go for regular health checks. As you grow old, your body continues to experience changes and becomes susceptible to illnesses. It’s imperative to take care of your body to remain healthy and improve your quality of life. Dekalb Women’s Specialists handles issues related to women’s health, including conducting tests and recommending treatment. Here are the 5 reasons why every woman should consider a health checkup.

Keeping track of your menstrual cycle

Menstrual cycles are the most common cause of concern for many women, and quite often, these are accompanied by various symptoms such as pain, mood swings, and discomfort. It’s essential to keep track of the changes and check for irregularities. Although some home remedies such as over-the-counter pain medication, massage, and a hot bath can ease any discomfort, you can visit a health facility for assessment. Some symptoms such as cramping and pain can be due to underlying conditions that require proper diagnosis in a medical facility.

Pelvic exam

It’s essential to get an annual checkup with your doctor every year. A visit may include a pelvic examination where the doctor checks for signs of cysts, uterine fibroids, and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). A pelvic exam is also vital in determining life-threatening conditions such as ovarian and cervical cancer, where the doctor conducts a Pap smear test.

Breast examination

A breast examination is an essential part of any woman’s preventive health care. Your doctor checks if there are lumps or abnormalities in your breast. A mammogram is sometimes done as part of the breast examination to find cancerous lumps and tumors in the breast tissue. In most cases, cancerous lumps can be treated before they become life-threatening. Research has shown that early detection leads to better outcomes for treating cancer because the tumor hasn’t had time to grow and spread throughout the body yet. In addition, the medics typically teach women how to identify the signs of breast cancer and when to contact a doctor.

To check your cholesterol level

The cholesterol level in your blood is one of the most important tests to help determine your risk for heart disease. If you’re over 20, it’s essential to go for cholesterol checks to ensure you don’t exceed expected levels. Such a test is similar to a blood test and requires a twelve-hour break from eating food or taking drinks. However, you can take water during this period.

Check your bone density

Women have a greater risk of osteoporosis than men, caused by multiple factors such as changes in hormone levels, body weight, diet, and genetics. It’s vital to go for bone density tests, especially if you have a high-risk factor. A doctor may conduct an X-ray to assess your bone’s condition.

It’s essential to schedule a health check regularly to identify any underlying issues and benefit from early diagnosis and treatment. Contact Dekalb Women’s Specialists to learn more about the importance of regular tests.

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A Holistic Approach to Women’s Health

Women and adolescents in need of reproductive health care are least likely to get holistic medical care. The healthcare system’s shortcomings effectively affect women, undercut universal health coverage, and decrease access to quality care for low-income women. The economic factors affect the quality of care women receive, and you should contact specialists like Mina K. Sinacori, MD, MPH, FACOG, who understand the importance of health services for women. These factors might impact the quality of women’s health services.

Policies

Laws that prohibit women from sexual and reproductive health services can impact women’s services in healthcare facilities. For instance, some states require spousal approval or couples treatment for certain conditions, impacting single women seeking specific treatments. Additionally, laws that prohibit safe abortions impact women who are not ready for childbirth and care. Young women who are not ready for parenting can have their lives cut short when they have unplanned babies, especially if they come from low-income communities. Thus doctors who understand the importance of a holistic approach to healthcare can advocate for gender-specific holistic treatments.

Cultural Norms

Social and cultural practices impact women’s health and have been contributors to gender inequalities. For instance, norms and customs might impact immunization, especially the important immunization against specific cancers such as cervical cancer. Moreover, stigma may affect single and unmarried women seeking sexual health services. Doctors and therapists can advise women and help break the cycle of social stigma and practices leading to a better health outcome.

Weakness in the Health System

Poor quality care and inappropriate services such as inequitable resource distribution impact women. Doctors and nurses advocate and prevent systemic problems in the healthcare system, thus elevating women’s healthcare. They can care for lesbians, gay, and transgender women without bringing the aspect of discrimination.

Other Factors Which Impact Holistic Approach to Healthcare

Food and nutrition would affect women’s health, and a doctor would advise women on proper nutrition, which improves their health. Women can eat certain foods such as cranberries and pineapples, which are suitable for their sexual health. Additionally, a balanced diet would improve a woman’s sexual health. Again, water and sanitation would affect a woman’s healthcare, and clean environments foster better women’s health.

Lack of proper education can impact a woman’s reproductive health, as it directly impacts health-seeking behaviors. Nurses and doctors provide this essential education which is critical for better reproductive health. Therefore, when seeing a reproductive health specialist, it could be okay to ask them questions if you are unsure about the issues that affect you. Furthermore, they would provide the information you would need to make appropriate decisions that help improve women’s healthcare.

Final Thoughts

Women have issues affecting their reproductive health, which impact a holistic approach to sexual health problems. You can get holistic sexual health care by contacting a doctor and nurse who can guide you on your health journey. For instance, healthcare professionals can advocate for the laws and policies that favor better sexual treatment for women. They could guide their patients on overcoming the social stigma around sexual health, address weaknesses in the health systems, and advise women on nutrition and sanitation. Good luck finding a reproductive health specialist.