Fertility Medications- Are There Any Side Effects?

Fertility Medications

The dream to start a family may be easy to perceive for some, while it might be a distant achievement for others. To help make this distant dream a bit closer to reality, fertility medication was invented.

Fertility medication is taken to help increase the possibility of conception and to help keep the baby for the entire term of pregnancy. This medication is to be taken only at the prescription of the doctor. Infertility is a condition that both men and women can experience. 

Getting consultation for fertility medication in Celebration is vital as all the possible methods of treatment and medication can be discussed to help select the right plan of action. The types of fertility medication are varied, and each has its pros and cons. The drugs used to cause ovulation are:

Glucophage or Metformin

When a woman suffers from a very high BMI (i.e., 35 and above) and has PCOS or Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, it can hamper the chances to ovulate. Metformin helps ovulation by reducing insulin resistance.

Dopamine Agonists

Too much or too little prolactin can also hurdle the path for ovulation. Dopamine agonists help regulate the prolactin hormone.

Clomiphene or Clomid

This medication is often the first resort of doctors to help stimulate hormones that cause ovulation in case the woman has ovulation problems. Some common risks associated with this drug include vaginal dryness, dizziness, weight gain, hot flashes, etc.

Femara or Letrozole

Just like Clomid, letrozole too triggers ovulation and is more effective than the prior drug. It is especially effective with women who have PCOS and are obese. Side effects include breast pain, bloating, abnormal menstruation, fatigue, etc.


These are synthesized hormones that stimulate the gonads and enhance the production of sex hormones and increase the egg count. Luteinizing Hormone or LH and Follicle-Stimulating Hormone or FSH are the two hormones injected under gonadotropins.

Side effects include absentmindedness, acne, upper respiratory infection, etc.

The side effects of the drug mainly depend on the medication and the dosage of the medicine. 

With the consumption of fertility drugs, there are chances to experience side effects due to hormones mainly. Some include:

  • Mood swings vary from happiness to anxiety and even depression in some instances.
  • Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome is the swelling of the ovaries due to excess consumption of injectable hormone medication.
  • Physical symptoms like cramps, vomiting, tenderness or soreness of the breasts, nausea, headaches, etc., may be experienced.
  • Risk of multiple pregnancies lost.
  • Chances of multiple births.
  • Possibility of cancerous tumor formations in the ovaries, cervix, and endometrium among others.

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