Healthcare Tips

Types of Arthritis Conditions


Arthritis is a commonly occurring joint disease that causes pain, discomfort, swelling, stiffness, and mobility issues. Everyone, from children to senior adults, is affected by arthritis. Adults report most cases of arthritis.

There are surgical as well as conservative methods for treating arthritis. Your doctor will suggest a type of treatment based on the severity of the condition. Germantown arthritis specialists help you with diagnosis, treatment, and recovery plans for treating arthritis symptoms.

More than 100 types come under arthritis. You should recognize which arthritis problem you have and get treatment. Some common types of arthritis are:

  1. Osteoarthritis This is the most common type of arthritis. Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease caused by wear and tear of joints, primarily due to old age or any trauma. In this condition, the cartilage present between the joints gets damaged. This loss causes the joints to rub against each other and cause pain, stiffness, and swelling.
  2. Rheumatoid arthritis This is a type of autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks various joints and causes pain. There is the formation of inflamed and firm rheumatoid nodules under the skin and joints. Pain caused by rheumatoid arthritis can be severe and arise gradually or suddenly.
  3. Juvenile arthritis This type of arthritis, also called juvenile idiopathic arthritis or juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, is common among children, mainly under the age of 16. The symptoms include chronic aching joints, swelling, tightening of muscles, rashes, and fever. These symptoms can last for months and years.
  4. Gout This is a complex type of arthritis that can occur in any joint but commonly affects the big toe. Gout is caused when uric acid accumulates in the joints. The symptoms experienced can be sudden pain arising anytime, accompanied by swelling of the big toe, extreme tenderness, prolonged discomfort.
  5. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)– Is a severe autoimmune disease affecting various joints and organs. Symptoms of lupus include pain, swelling in joints, fatigue, headaches, rashes like butterfly rash occurring on cheeks, mouth sores, hair loss, exposure to cold may cause the presence of blue or white fingers and toes, chest pain when the lining of the heart or lung gets inflamed and sometimes blood disorders.
  6. Psoriatic arthritis People with psoriasis have a high chance of developing psoriasis arthritis. Psoriasis causes skin patches, redness, and silvery scales. Psoriatic arthritis symptoms include swollen and reddened fingers or toes, lower back pain, foot pain, eye inflammation, and stiffness in joints.
  7. Ankylosing spondylitisMen are more affected by Ankylosing spondylitis than women. It is an autoimmune disease that affects ligaments and tendons attached to the bone and causes pain and stiffness. There is an occurrence of bone fusion in the spine resulting in deformation and shoulder and hip dysfunction.
  8. Infectious arthritis and reactive arthritis Infection in the joints causes infectious arthritis. This infection in one joint can trigger inflammation and immune dysfunction in other regions. This condition is called reactive arthritis.

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